How to Set up a Flutter Development Environment

Are you itching to start developing mobile apps with Flutter but don't know where to start? Fear not! In this guide, we will walk you through how to set up a Flutter development environment, step by step. Flutter is a mobile app development framework powered by Dart, designed to enable developers to build high-performance, beautiful, and fast apps for iOS and Android.

Whether you're a beginner or a seasoned developer, setting up your development environment is the first and most critical step in your journey towards building awesome Flutter apps. So let's get started!


Before jumping into the setup, some prerequisites that are necessary are:

Flutter supports both Android and iOS platforms. You can either develop for both platforms or choose a specific platform. However, for Android development, you will need to install Android Studio and additional packages.

Step 1: Download Flutter SDK

Downloading Flutter SDK is the first step in setting up your development environment. This SDK includes everything you need to get started with building Flutter apps.

Download Flutter SDK


To edit your bash shell profile, run nano ~/.bash_profile. Add the following lines at the end and save the file.

# Add Flutter to PATH
export PATH="$PATH:/Users/<username>/flutter/bin"

*Replace <username> with your macOS user account name.


To edit your bash shell profile, run nano ~/.bashrc. Add the following lines at the end and save the file.

# Add Flutter to PATH
export PATH="$PATH:/home/<username>/flutter/bin"

*Replace <username> with your Linux user account name.


Here's how to add Flutter to your Windows path environment variable.

Windows 10 Edit Environment Path

Step 2: Verify Flutter Installation

After adding the flutter/bin directory to your PATH environment variable, you can verify that Flutter is installed correctly by typing flutter doctor in your command prompt, which will run a series of checks to analyze your Flutter installation.

The flutter doctor command will first check your installation for any missing or outdated dependencies that Flutter needs to run correctly. Once the command has completed, you should see an output similar to the following:

Doctor summary (to see all details, run flutter doctor -v):
[✓] Flutter (Channel stable, 2.5.3, on macOS 11.6 20G165 darwin-x64, locale en-US)
[✓] Android toolchain - develop for Android devices (Android SDK version 30.0.0-rc1)
[✓] Xcode - develop for iOS and macOS (Xcode 13.0)
[✓] Chrome - develop for the web
[✓] Android Studio (version 4.2)
[✓] IntelliJ IDEA Community Edition (version 2021.2)
[✓] Connected device (2 available)

• No issues found!

The flutter doctor command inspects your computer for different types of issues and provides guidance on how to fix them. This output indicates that your Flutter installation is working as intended.

Step 3: Install Android Studio

Android Studio provides essential tools for building Android apps, including an emulator to test your apps before deploying them to real devices. If you're planning on building Android apps with Flutter, you'll need to install Android Studio.

Install Flutter Plugin

Step 4: Create a New Flutter Project

Congratulations! You have successfully set up your Flutter development environment. Now let's create a new project.

Start a new Flutter project

Once the project has been created, you have access to a range of tools and resources to help you build your app. Your project will have a lib folder containing your Flutter code and a pubspec.yaml file listing your project's dependencies.


Setting up your Flutter development environment can seem daunting at first, but we hope this guide has made it more straightforward for you. By following the steps outlined in this article, you should now have a fully functional Flutter development environment installed and ready to use.

Make the most of the Flutter development platform by exploring the wealth of resources available online. From documentation to videos and tutorials, there is no shortage of ways to learn more about this powerful development platform.

Happy coding!

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